The answer is just ‘science’. Everything and anything can be linked to and from science.
Elizabeth Pisani’s article in The Guardian discusses data sharing – more specifically within science. She explains that “shared data will mean more and faster progress” within new scientific discoveries. John Wilbanks too points at data sharing as a potential ‘investment’, he write in his article for SEED online, that “we can maximize our social investment in science by making sure it can be read, understood, and used by the network culture.”
An article ‘On Science Publishing’ mentioned, “Science holds the greatest promise for ensuring the continued and widespread growth of our civilization” Science, scientific discovery, science transfer, science knowledge, what ever it is deemed, are all slow developments and that’s because as Wilbanks mentions, science is “paper-based.” By this he explains that it is all done on paper in print format and its distribution is limited and barriers put up against the public. Paper based means that the information is also not shared amongst other researchers, which in effect causes duplications, huge bills and a slow process as Pisani observes.
This all relates to Lawrence Lessig’s theory of “The Naked Transparency,” which essentially means that publics want to become more aware of everything by making it all available and ‘transparent’. Apply this to science and all scientific research and you’ll have what Pisani draws attention on: the sharing of data within genetic research. In the 1980’s it was made compulsory that all researchers share their findings should they have wanted to receive funding. This made all findings and research on genetics available to everyone and anyone – movement and results occurred as researchers were able to expand on from the work of one another. A possibility has finally (it was in the 80’s after all) arisen of applying this data sharing theory to all research today, making everything “transparent.”
To make something ‘transparent’ could mean publishing it online. The Internet as a media technology would distribute this to everyone, creating new media opportunities and explorations available.
Let us wait and see.
Pisani, Elizabeth (2011) ‘Medical science will benefit from the research of crowds’, The Guardian, January 11, <http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2011/jan/11/medical-research-data-sharing>
Wilbanks, John (2011) ‘On Science Publishing’, Seed, <http://seedmagazine.com/content/article/on_science_publishing>
Lessig, Lawrence (2010) ‘Against Transparency: The perils of openness in government.’<http://www.tnr.com/article/books-and-arts/against-transparency?page=0,0>
Seed (20110 ‘On Science Transfer’, Seed <http://seedmagazine.com/content/print/on_science_transfer>